Compenetration Weblog

fusion of inner and outher space

“The Correction For That…Is An Attack” (Rumsfeld)

It’s just amazing how history repeats itself and how the agenda of leading elite is the same. Election are near and people should be conditioned as Pavlov’s dog. Not afraid enough…we gonna increase electroshock slightly. All current events confirm even more the facts presented in  Adam Curtis documentary : The Power of Nightmares -The Rise of the politics of Fear. And its amazing to read how the same vocabulary is used now for Iran as was before for Iraq (See below)

 

Rumsfeld On 2006 Election: “The Correction For That…Is An Attack”

RUMSFELD: That’s what I was just going to say. This President’s pretty much a victim of success. We haven’t had an attack in five years. The perception of the threat is so low in this society that it’s not surprising that the behavior pattern reflects a low threat assessment. The same thing’s in Europe, there’s a low threat perception. The correction for that, I suppose, is an attack. And when that happens, then everyone gets energized for another [inaudible] and it’s a shame we don’t have the maturity to recognize the seriousness of the threats…the lethality, the carnage, that can be imposed on our society is so real and so present and so serious that you’d think we’d be able to understand it, but as a society, the longer you get away from 9/11, the less…the less…

Iran on track for nuclear milestone

Iran’s nuclear programme has made big strides in recent months and the country is on course to pass an important threshold for nuclear weapons capability next year, scientists and analysts say.

Ever since Iran started enriching uranium in defiance of United Nations resolutions, western diplomats have highlighted the technological obstacles facing the country, arguing that they provided time to deal with the dispute over Tehran’s nuclear programme.

U.S. Cites Big Gains Against Al-Qaeda

Hayden warned, however, that progress in Iraq is being undermined by increasing interference by Iran, which he accused of supplying weapons, training and financial assistance to anti-U.S. insurgents. While declining to endorse any particular strategy for dealing with Iran, he described the threat in stark terms.

“It is the policy of the Iranian government, approved at the highest levels of that government, to facilitate the killing of American and other coalition forces in Iraq. Period,” he said.

FBI: Al-Qaeda video urges WMD use

The US Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI) says a new al-Qaeda video has urged the use of nuclear and chemical weapons against the West.

“FBI had sent an alert to US law enforcement agencies about the video. “We got information the tape was coming,” said Kolko. “We sent out an alert to law enforcement to let them know the tape was coming.”  The latest video, purportedly released by al-Qaeda, has not been authenticated. “

al-Qaeda Call For Nuclear Or Chemical Weapon Attack Against West – Threat, Attack Signal or Hoax?

As of early this evening, ABC News and the Drudge Report are running a headline claiming that “al Qaeda operatives will post a new video on the Internet in the next 24 hours, calling for what one source said is ‘jihadists to use biological, chemical and nuclear weapons to attack the West.’” The ABC News report quotes FBI spokesman Richard Kolko as acknowledging that “there have been several reports that al Qaeda will release a new message calling for the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) against civilians.”

For the record: there is no indication whatsoever that Al-Qaida’s As-Sahab Media Foundation is preparing to release anything in the next 24 hours. There has been no notification posted on the usual channels, there are no glitzy advertisements, and there is no credible electronic chatter, period. Rather, the intel community appears to have (once again) fallen victim to poorly researched open source news reporting. In recent days, several fringe media organizations have published stories about a video recording posted by anonymous Al-Qaida miscreants on extremist Internet chat forums.

Hayden warned, however, that progress in Iraq is being undermined by increasing interference by Iran, which he accused of supplying weapons, training and financial assistance to anti-U.S. insurgents. While declining to endorse any particular strategy for dealing with Iran, he described the threat in stark terms.

“It is the policy of the Iranian government, approved at the highest levels of that government, to facilitate the killing of American and other coalition forces in Iraq. Period,” he said.

CNN’s Paula Newton reports of a possible terror threat to the Euro 2008 Championship in Switzerland and Austria.
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And here you can see the easons:

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Before attack on Iraq:

Rumsfeld was saying that we needed to bomb Iraq,” Clarke said to Stahl. “And we all said … no, no. Al-Qaeda is in Afghanistan. We need to bomb Afghanistan. And Rumsfeld said there aren’t any good targets in Afghanistan. And there are lots of good targets in Iraq. I said, ‘Well, there are lots of good targets in lots of places, but Iraq had nothing to do with it.

“Initially, I thought when he said, ‘There aren’t enough targets in– in Afghanistan,’ I thought he was joking.

“I think they wanted to believe that there was a connection, but the CIA was sitting there, the FBI was sitting there, I was sitting there saying we’ve looked at this issue for years. For years we’ve looked and there’s just no connection.”

Clarke says he and CIA Director George Tenet told that to Rumsfeld, Secretary of State Colin Powell, and Attorney General John Ashcroft.

Clarke then tells Stahl of being pressured by Mr. Bush.

“The president dragged me into a room with a couple of other people, shut the door, and said, ‘I want you to find whether Iraq did this.’ Now he never said, ‘Make it up.’ But the entire conversation left me in absolutely no doubt that George Bush wanted me to come back with a report that said Iraq did this.

“I said, ‘Mr. President. We’ve done this before. We have been looking at this. We looked at it with an open mind. There’s no connection.’

“He came back at me and said, “Iraq! Saddam! Find out if there’s a connection.’ And in a very intimidating way. I mean that we should come back with that answer. We wrote a report.”

Feith’s Unsurprising Revelations

 Three weeks after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld established an official military objective of not only removing Saddam Hussein’s Iraqi regime by force, but also overturning the regimes in Iran, Syria, and four other countries in the Middle East, according to a document quoted extensively by former Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas Feith

in his recently published account of Iraq War decisions.Feith’s retelling further indicates that this aggressive U.S. aim of remaking the map of the Middle East by military force and the threat of force was supported explicitly by the country’s top military leaders.
Feith’s book, War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism, released in April, provides excerpts of a paper that Rumsfeld sent to President George W. Bush on September 30, 2001, calling for the administration to focus not on taking down Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda network, but rather on the aim of establishing “new regimes” in a series of states by “aiding local peoples to rid themselves of terrorists and to free themselves of regimes that support terrorism.”
Quoting that document, Feith deletes the names of all of the states to be targeted except Afghanistan, inserting the phrase “some other states” in brackets. In a related Pentagon “campaign plan” document, the Taliban and Iraq are listed as “state regimes” against which “plans and operations” might be mounted, yet the names of four other states are blacked out “for security reasons.”

In his 2003 book Winning Modern Wars, Gen. Wesley Clark, who commanded the NATO bombing campaign in the Kosovo War, recalled being told by a friend in the Pentagon in November 2001 that states that Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz wanted to take down included Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Sudan, and Somalia.

 

Project for the New American Century

In January 1998, PNAC published an open letter to President Clinton arguing that “containment” of Iraq “has been steadily eroding,” jeopardizing the region and, potentially, beyond. “Given the magnitude of the threat, the current policy, which depends for its success upon the steadfastness of our coalition partners and upon the cooperation of Saddam Hussein, is dangerously inadequate.” PNAC followed up a few months later with an open letter to Senate leader Trent Lott (R-MS) and Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich(R-GA), which argued that the “only way to protect the United States and its allies from the threat of weapons of mass destruction [is] to put in place policies that would lead to the removal of Saddam and his regime from power.” Signatories to these letters included many of those who signed PNAC’s statement of principles, as well as future realist-inclined Bush administration officials Richard Armitage and Robert Zoellick. Also in support of this effort, PNAC set up a meeting between Wolfowitz, Rumsfeld, Perle, and Sandy Berger, Clinton’s national security adviser, to argue the case for intervention (Dolan and Cohen, “The War about the War.”). Earlier, in February 1998, Wolfowitz had testified in front of the House International Relations Committee that regime change in Iraq was the “only way to rescue the region and the world from the threat” posed by Hussein. Revealing another aspect of neoconservative alliance-building in the years leading up to the Bush election, Wolfowitz added that the United States should recognize “a provisional government of free Iraq,” and that the best place to look for such a government was “with the current organization and principles of the Iraqi National Congress” (quoted in Halper and Clarke, pp. 101-102). Thus, write Halper and Clarke, “in only a few years since the Soviet collapse, neoconservatism had refocused itself as an interventionist lobby intent above all else on waging a second Gulf war” (p. 102).

The agenda items outlined in the statement reemerged in the wake of 9/11 in Bush’s 2002 National Security Strategy, the seminal statement of the so-called Bush Doctrine. As described by leading international relations scholar Robert Jervis, the Bush Doctrine is composed of “a strong belief in the importance of a state’s domestic regime in determining its foreign policy and the related judgment that this is an opportune time to transform international politics; the perception of great threats that can be defeated only by new and vigorous policies, most notably preventive war; a willingness to act unilaterally when necessary; and, as both a cause and a summary of these beliefs, an overriding sense that peace and stability require the United States to assert its primacy in world politics” (quoted in Chris Dolan and David Cohen, “The War about the War: Iraq and the Politics of National Security Advising in the G.W. Bush Administration’s First Term,” March 2006). “

In February 1998, Feith  and many other high-profile neoconservatives and foreign policy hawks signed a letter to President Bill Clinton calling for a “comprehensive political and military strategy for bringing down Saddam and his regime.” Among the signatories to the letter, which was produced by the Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf, were several people who would later be tagged to serve in the first administration of George W. Bush, including Feith, Richard Perle, Donald Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Zalmay Khalilzad, Peter Rodman, John Bolton, and Dov Zakheim.

A Clean Break” also recommended “removing Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq” and working closely with “Turkey and Jordan to contain, destabilize, and roll back” regional threats and using “Israeli proxy forces” based in Lebanon for “striking Syrian military targets in Lebanon.” If that should “prove insufficient, [Israel should strike] at select targets in Syria proper.” Further, “Israel can shape its strategic environment, in cooperation with Turkey and Jordan, by weakening, containing, even rolling back Syria.” This would create a “natural axis” between Israel, Jordan, a Hashemite Iraq, and Turkey that “would squeeze and detach Syria from the Saudi Peninsula.” This “could be the prelude to a redrawing of the map of the Middle East, which could threaten Syria’s territorial integrity.”

The 2000 election of George W. Bushenabled PNAC to advance its agenda for the “New American Century.” Many PNAC principals moved into the Pentagon, vice president’s office, and State Department. It was not, however, until after 9/11 that the PNAC agenda was fast-forwarded.

On September 20, 2001, PNAC sent an open letter to Bush that commended his newly declared war on terrorism and urged him not only to target Osama bin Laden but also other supposed “perpetrators,” including Saddam Hussein and Hezbollah. The letter made one of the first arguments for regime change in Iraq as part of the war on terror. According to the PNAC letter, “It may be that the Iraqi government provided assistance in some form to the recent attack on the United States. But even if evidence does not link Iraq directly to the attack, any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq. Failure to undertake such an effort will constitute an early and perhaps decisive surrender in the war on international terrorism.”

“Main areas of current conservative dispute include immigration policy, stem cell research, levels of troop commitments in Iraq, democratization policy, Israel, and U.S. relations with China, North Korea, and Iran. Although the neocon camp and its allies, including Cheney’s foreign policy team, are all hardliners with respect to Iran, there are public differences about which groups should receive U.S. assistance. While the leading neocon figures on Iran policy, such as Michael Rubin and Kenneth Timmerman, oppose funding the Mujahedin e-Khalq (MEK), an Iranian resistance group with militants in Iraq, other players in the Iran policy debate, such as Raymond Tanter and the Iran Policy Committee, are MEK boosters.”

Ramsfeld professional history:

Affiliations

  • Hoover Institution: Visiting Fellow; Former Trustee
  • Center for Security Policy (CSP): Winner of CSP’s 1998 “Keeper of the Flame” Award
  • Project for the New American Century: Founding Signatory
  • Empower America: Former Board Member
  • Freedom House: Former Board Member
  • RAND Corporation: Former Board Member
  • Committee for the Free World: Former Chairman
  • Government Service

  • Secretary of Defense: 1975-1977; 2001-2006
  • U.S. Commission to Assess National Security Space Management and Organization: Chairman (2000)
  • U.S. Ballistic Missile Threat Commission: Chairman (1998)
  • White House Chief of Staff: (1974-75)
  • U.S. Ambassador to NATO: (1973-74)
  • U.S. Congress: Representative from Illinois (1962-69)
  • U.S. Navy: Various Posts, Including Aviator (1954-57); Reserves (1957-1975)
  • Private Sector

  • Gilead Sciences Pharmaceutical Company: Chairman (1997-2001)
  • General Instrument Corporation: Chairman and CEO (1990-1993)
  • G.D. Searle Pharmaceutical Company: CEO/Chairman/President (1977-1985)
  • Bechtel: Involved in Iraq-Bechtel Negotiations on a Pipeline Project in the 1980s
  • Gulfstream Aerospace: Former Director
  • Tribune Company: Former Director
  • Metricom, Inc.: Former Director
  • Sears, Roebuck, and Co.: Former Director
  • ASEA Brown Boveri: Former DirectorEducation
  • Princeton University: A.B. (1954) 
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    Massive Attack – İnertia Creeps

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    May 30, 2008 Posted by | conspiracy, Documentary, Music, Politics | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

    The Science of Sleep

    Another sailing weekend, excellent regatta, excellent results. Clear sky, clear mind.

    Watched lately today  La Science des rêves,The Science of Sleep (2006) by Michel Gondry, director of Ethernal Sushine of Spotless Mind and Human Nature (both movies are written by Kaufman). This one is written by Gondry itself and it is just piece of art.

    I can describe the movie the same as Stephane (Gael Garcia Bernal) starts the movie, explaining what dreams are:” Hi, and welcome back to another episode of “Télévision Educative”. Tonight, I’ll show you how dreams are prepared. People think it’s a very simple and easy process but it’s a bit more complicated than that. As you can see, a very delicate combination of complex ingredients is the key. First, we put in some random thoughts. And then, we add a little bit of reminiscences of the day… mixed with some memories from the past….” [adds two bunchs of pasta]. If i would have a gift to make a movies, i would do the same.

    Movie is done as a dreams really are… in true Freudian sense. Bit of science, explained on a funny way, romance, blurred border between reality and imagination, dominance of inner world over external one, chaos theory, Parallel Synchronized Randomness, lots of creativity, emotions, real world versus artificial one… and mixed together into very very tasteful dish… Very surrealistic, like modern and funnier version of Bonuel’s An Andalusian Dog. 

    In spite of varying interpretations, Buñuel made clear throughout his writings that, between Dalí and himself, the only rule for the writing of the script was that “no idea or image that might lend itself to a rational explanation of any kind would be accepted.”[3] Moreover, he stated that, “Nothing, in the film, symbolizes anything. The only method of investigation of the symbols would be, perhaps, psychoanalysis. Like Gondry says…MICHEL: No, I don’t believe in symbols. I have nothing to do with a book. You can define every image and symbol but it doesn’t mean it’s a symbol that’s universal. Like if you dream about a tree, it represents a penis? That’s bullshit. [Laughs]

    Its great idea to use Stephane TV show as a position of an observer of his own events and emotions…just like in dreams where we remember our dreams as observers but we know that we were the main actor as well. … In science, the term observer effect refers to changes that the act of observing will make on the phenomenon being observed. For example, for us to “see” an electron, a photon must first interact with it, and this interaction will change the path of that electron. It is also theoretically possible for other, less direct means of measurement to affect the electron; even if the electron is simply put into a position where observing it is possible, without actual observation taking place, it will still (theoretically) alter its position.

    Always amazed me that position: be actor and observer at the same time. But it is not only in dreams…we live the whole life as that…we think and act and feel, we observe our actions, thoughts and feelings, than correct them if they don’t fit into frame…as in Goundry’s Human nature, mouses are Pavlov’s conditioned to eat salad with knifes and forks at the table in order to civilised them. So principles are the same, just with different “rational” involvement.  

    Watched on Friday on Discovery Science documentary with the same title: The science of sleep. It dealt not what dreams are but with the basics: Why do we dream at all? Why do we need dreams? Dreams occur in REM phase, very funny presented in Goundry’s movie “My eyes walk in dreams”.REM sleep occurs in all mammals and birds.  As it not known that animal have language structure (and all symbols categories due that); so dreams have to be very physiological need. Lots of theories have been done, but there is still no one way answer. Amazing…Phoenix has just sent pictures from Mars’s, but our brain is still so locked in mysteries. 

    Are dreams connected to short -term memories, categorizing emotions into symbols of language structure?  Is dreaming like being schizophrenic, deprived from majority of external stimuli and building internal world with daily emotions and stored memories. What is the principle of reality cos everything is real for us while we are dreaming. What is the triger which switch at the end of dreams and tells us that was not real but dreams.

     Are dreams and reality same continuum, not two different realities. Like earth’s night and day cycle, once more and once less directly exposed to sun of consciousness” And what is consciousness all about, cos in REM phase we feel, hear, talk, think,…same as in awake state. Are dreams our own reality built from personally acquired symbols cos anyone can understood only its own dreams. We are producer of dreams and their observer. As in movie, sometimes only director understand the symbols and meaning of them.

    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is normal stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eyes. Criteria for REM sleep include not only rapid eye movements, but also low muscle tone and a rapid, low voltage EEG. REM sleep in adult humans typically occupies 20-25% of total sleep, lasting about 90-120 minutes. A newborn baby spends more than 80% of total sleep time in REM. During REM, the summed activity of the brain’s neurons is quite similar to that during waking hours; for this reason, the phenomenon is often called paradoxical sleep. This means that there are no dominating brain waves during REM sleep.  Most of our vividly recalled dreams occur during REM sleep.

    REM and Near death experience & Out of body experience

    People With Near Death Experiences Can Differ In Sleep-wake Control

    “These findings suggest that REM state intrusion contributes to near death experiences,” said neurologist and study author Kevin R. Nelson, MD, FAAN, of the University of Kentucky in Lexington. “People who have near death experiences may have an arousal system that predisposes them to REM intrusion.”

    Nelson said several other factors support this hypothesis. Several features of near death experiences are also associated with the REM state. For example, the feeling of being outside of one’s body has been associated with the REM state and the conditions of sleep paralysis, narcolepsy and seizures. The feeling of being surrounded by light could be based on the visual activity that occurs during the REM state, Nelson said. During the REM state, the muscles can lose their tone, or tension.”

     When the unconscious has something very important to tell us, it often dresses it up as a nightmare to make sure we notice,” he says. “The generic message of every nightmare is, Wake up, pay attention, there’s a survival issue at stake, and you can do something about it if you pay attention. The nastier the dream,” he says, “the more valuable is the information it is trying to convey.”

    REM Deprivation

    Four Days Of REM Sleep Deprivation Affects Forebrain, Long-term Memory In Rats

    ScienceDaily, Feb. 6, 2008— Four days’ exposure to a REM sleep deprivation procedure reduces cell proliferation in the part of the forebrain that contributes to long-term memory of rats, according to a new study.

    The study, authored by Dennis McGinty, PhD, of the V.A. Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, focused on male Sprague-Dawley rats. REM sleep deprivation was achieved by a brief treadmill movement initiated by automatic online detection of REM sleep. A yoked-control (YC) rat was placed in the same treadmill and experienced the identical movement regardless of the stage of the sleep-wake cycle.

    According to the results, REM sleep was reduced by 85 percent in REM sleep deprived rats and by 43 percent in YC rats. Cell proliferation was reduced by 63 percent in REM sleep deprived rats compared with YC rats. Across all animals, cell proliferation exhibited a positive correlation with the percentage of REM sleep.

    “Several studies have shown that sleep contributes to brain plasticity in general, and to adult neurogenesis, in particular,” said Dr. McGinty. “Neurogenesis is a concrete example of brain plasticity, suppression of adult neurogenesis is thought to be important in pathologies such as depression. One current question has to do with the relative contribution of the two sleep states, non-REM and REM, which have very different, even opposite, physiological properties. This study showed that REM sleep has a critical role in facilitating brain plasticity. The study does not exclude an equally important role for non-REM sleep. In other recent work, we have shown that sleep fragmentation can also suppress adult neurogenesis. How sleep affects the molecular mechanisms underlying neurogenesis remains to be explored.”

    The article “Rapid eye movement sleep deprivation contributes to reduction of neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of the adult rat” was published in the February 1 issue of the journal Sleep.

    We took a group of young college undergraduates and we deprived them of sleep for about 35 hours straight. And then we placed them inside a MRI scanner and we showed them increasingly negative and disturbing images,” says Matthew Walker, who devised a study to look at what was going on inside their brains. “And what we found was that in those people who had a good night of sleep, the control group, they showed a nice, modest, controlled response in their emotional centers of the brain.”

    “But, when we looked in the sleep deprived subjects, instead, what we found is a hyperactive brain response,” he says.

    And what’s more, in the sleep-deprived subjects, Walker discovered a disconnect between that over-reacting amygdala (a region of the brain) and the brain’s frontal lobe, the region that controls rational thought and decision-making, meaning that the subjects’ emotional responses were not being kept in check by the more logical seat of reasoning. It’s a problem also found in people with psychiatric disorders.

    “So you’re saying that you take someone with a severe mental disorder and a person without that disorder, but deprive them of sleep, and the brain scan will look similar?” Stahl asks.

    “Their pattern of brain activity was not dissimilar. So I think what it forces us to do really now is to appreciate more significantly the role that sleep may be playing in mental health and in psychiatric diseases. And I think that could be one of the futures of the field of sleep research,” Walker replies.

    Walker says most of us need seven and a half to eight hours of sleep every night.”

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    FREUD RETURNS? LIKE A BAD DREAM

    By J. Allan Hobson

    Sigmund Freud’s views on the meaning of dreams formed the core of his theory of mental functioning. MarkSolms and others assert that brain imaging and lesion studies are now validating Freud’s conception of the mind. But similar scientific investigations show that major aspects of Freud’s thinking are probably

    erroneous. For Freud, the bizarre nature of dreams resulted from an elaborate effortof the mind to conceal, by symbolic disguise and censorship, the unacceptable instinctual wishes welling up from the unconscious when the ego relaxes its prohibition of the id in sleep. But most neurobiological evidence supports thealternative view that dream bizarreness stems from normal changes in brain state. Chemical mechanisms in the brain stem, which shift the activation of various regions of the cortex, generate these changes. Many studies have indicated that the chemical changes determine the quality and quantity of dream visions, emotions and thoughts. Freud’s disguiseand-censorship notion must be discarded;no one believes that the ego-id struggle, ifit exists, controls brain chemistry. Mostpsychoanalysts no longer hold that the disguise-censorship theory is valid.

    Without disguise and censorship, what is left of Freud’s dream theory? Not much—only that instinctual drives could impel dream formation. Evidence does indicate that activating the parts of thelimbic system that produce anxiety, anger and elation shapes dreams. But these nfluences are not “wishes.” Dream

    analyses show that the emotions in dreams are as often negative as they arepositive, which would mean that half our “wishes” for ourselves are negative. And as all dreamers know, the emotions in dreams are hardly disguised. They enter into dream plots clearly, frequently bringing unpleasant effects such as nightmares.

    Freud was never able to account for why so many dream emotions are negative.

    Another pillar of Freud’s model is that because the true meaning of dreams is hidden, the emotions they reflect can be revealed only through his wild-goosechase method of free association, in which the subject relates anything and everything that comes to mind in hopes of stumbling across a crucial connection.

    But this effort is unnecessary, because no such concealment occurs. In dreams, what you see is what you get. Dream content is emotionally salient on its face, and the close attention of dreamers and their therapists is all that is needed to see the feelings they represent.

    Solms and other Freudians intimate that ascribing dreams to brain chemistry is the same as saying that dreams have no emotional messages. But the statements are not equivalent. The chemical activation-synthesis theory of dreaming, put forth by Robert W. McCarley of Harvard Medical School and me in 1977, maintained only that the psychoanalytic explanation of dream bizarreness as concealed meaning was wrong. We have always argued that dreams are emotionally salient and meaningful. And what about REM sleep?

    New studies reveal that dreams can occur during non-REM sleep, but nothing in the chemical activation model precludes this case; the frequency of dreams is simply exponentially higher during REM sleep.

    Psychoanalysis is in big trouble, and no amount of neurobiological tinkering can fix it. So radical an overhaul is

    necessary that many neuroscientists would prefer to start over and create a neurocognitive model of the mind.

    Psychoanalytic theory is indeed comprehensive, but if it is terribly in error,then its comprehensiveness is hardly a virtue. The scientists who share this view stump for more biologically based models of dreams, of mental illness, and of normal conscious experience than those offered by psychoanalysis.

    J. Allan Hobson, professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, has written extensively on the brain basis of the mind and its implications for psychiatry. For more, see Hobson’s book Dreaming: An Introduction to the Science of Sleep (Oxford University Press, 2003).

     

    The dream, the subject’s interpretation (Freud – Lacan interpretation)

    The dream reactivates that which escapes forgetting and at the same time brings a work to bear on its elements, a secondary elaboration. As an effect of this secondary elaboration, “the dreams have already been interpreted once before being submitted to our waking interpretation”.8 A text results from this, that of the dream, which is, therefore, in itself an interpretation. Moreover, the dreamer adopts a position in relation to his dream: he exercises an interpretation of the interpretation. When Freud says that the dream is ‘the fulfillment of a wish’,9 he is also making an interpretation of the interpretation which is the dream itself.

                In The Direction of the Treatment, Lacan emphasises that Freud is proposing ‘the dream as a metaphor of desire’.10 Something has passed into meaning [sens] in the dream, and, from this passage, results what Freud has called desire. But, as Lacan takes it up again: it is about a ‘desire to have an unsatisfied desire’.11 It is a Wunsch, a wish, about which Lacan says that there are wishes ‘[…] pious, nostalgic, contradictory, farcical’.12 The desire that Freud isolates in the dream reveals the dimension of lack: of the subject’s want-to-be [manque-à-être] which presents itself as a want-to-enjoy [manque-à-jouir].13 Lacan takes up the well-known dream of the ‘beautiful butcher’s wife’ in order to show how a desire refers to another desire, how the dream carries desire to a geometrically progressive power.14 In this reference of one desire to another, Lacan distinguishes — in The Direction of the Treatment and in Radiophonie — two dimensions to this desire of desire which is ordered according to the laws which link the signifying chain: metonymic combination producing displacement and metaphoric substitution with its effect of condensation.15

     

    May 26, 2008 Posted by | Daily bites, Movies, Music, neuroscience, psychology, Quantum physics, Science | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

    The Century of Fear or Precaution as the name of the game

    The flowers flee from Autumn, but not you –
    You are the fearless rose
    that grows amidst the freezing wind.

    (Rumi)

    Watched another Adam Curtis documentary…must see for every sceptical mind: The Power of Nightmares(1-3) (The Rise of the Politics of Fear)

     

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4602171665328041876&q=the+power+of+nightmares&ei=q14zSNzuLoiG2QLjyMTiCQ

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2081592330319789254&q=the+power+of+nightmares&ei=ZV4zSN2DMY-i2wKdg4zUCQ

    The films compare the rise of the American Neo-Conservative movement and the radical Islamistmovement, making comparisons on their origins and noting strong similarities between the two. More controversially, it argues that the threat of radical Islamism as a massive, sinister organised force of destruction, specifically in the form of al-Qaeda, is in fact a myth perpetrated by politicians in many countries—and particularly American Neo-Conservatives—in an attempt to unite and inspire their people following the failure of earlier, more utopian ideologies.

    =========================================================

    And watched few anti-global warming documentaries (The Great global warming swindle (Accepted theories about man causing global warming are “lies” claims a controversial TV documentary),  Green House Conspiracy, Global Warming Doomsday Called off  and some others …

    Precaution as a new name of the game…act upon what might happen (what is already told due political and media agenda)  and not upon what is real ….  

    The common denominator: fear.. either of terrorism or global warming…just to keep people in constant fear of inevitable… politicians have to invent a problem to cure it and to defend people from it…if people are constantly occupied with fear of endless treat they sure can not think critical of something else. Even thought that there are no reasonable facts behind. They invent them, they promote them and they become a universal truth. How sadly.

    No clear connection between Al Qaeda and 9/11 or to Iraq; no clear connection between CO2 and global warming or sea rise and global warming…but yet…it’s universal truth; its a big hype…kids are more afraid according to research of global worming than terrorism…but where are real facts behind?

    if you doubt about terrorism or global warming, you are heretic or as they say ..it’s same as you deny holocaust …

    I don’t know how much its true or not on both topics, cos i don’t know for sure who finances one or other media  but if doubting is almost a sin, we are back in dark middle age and inquisition… the reasonable doubt is a base of any further human development…

    Scientific models or some partial information, promoted as a truth, and nothing but the truth makes me pretty nervous and sceptic.

    =====================

    And just today emerged: Army Radio had quoted a top official in Jerusalem claiming that a senior member in the entourage of President Bush, who visited Israel last week, had said in a closed meeting here that Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney were of the opinion that military action against Iran was called for.

    ================================

    From The Power of Nightmares(1-3) (The Rise of the Politics of Fear)

    Ideologist behind Neoconservatives: Leo Strauss   – unique America, who is destined to fight the devil in the world, the only good force in the world.  Strauss thought that myths are necessary to give people meaning and purpose of life and throught  this keep stable society.

    ====================================

    PULP (The Fear)

    ======================================

    When Franklin D. Roosevelt said “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself”, he meant it in a philosophical sense. But physicians know that the fight-or-flight response that protects the body from harm can sometimes backfire. “If you are terrorised by a God-awful stress, it can take you out,” says Richard Verrier of Deaconess Hospital in Boston. “I don’t think you would find a cardiologist who thinks it’s impossible to die of fright.”

    May 21, 2008 Posted by | conspiracy, Daily bites, Documentary, Movies, Poems, Politics, Science | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

    Game theory: Freedom and/or rationality

    Watched excellent BBC documentary The Trap:What happened to our dream of freedom of Adam Curtis (author of Happiness machines i was writing about last time). There are three parts and in first part he questions what is freedom all about, what is normality and how mathematical models modeled people and society. Is it true that we are selfish, isolated and suspicious human creatures, constantly monitor and strategies each other, to maximize our own benefit? Measurable predictable androids? For every measurement we need to set a reference. Who is the one who set the reference upon which people should be measured? Is it orchestrated from behind or maybe history by accident takes its mysterious way. Or maybe is mix of both. Did nature equip us with beautiful mirror neurons to understand others in order make the best strategy for maximizing our own result and not for empathy as a base for real humanity !?

    Curtis starts with Game theory of John Nash  (Beautiful Mind) and how his theory was implemented as a tool in predicting Soviet reaction during the cold war (Nash’s paranoia resonated just well with paranoia of Cold War). And as every idea it found mysterious ways of implementation, far beyond cold war tool. Even faking results to prove its correctness in various situations by those who used it to justify either believes or actions (psychiatry, Vietnam’s war,…)

    He continues with psychiatry which defines normality from Freud on. Dark age of psychiatry, colored by electroshocks, followed by anti psychiatric movement (Laing),use of game theory in family dynamics (love is just a strategy to maximize own benefit or dominance over partner). Shame of psychiatric diagnoses due to Rosenhan_experiment ( 8 healthy people were set to mental hospitals. During psychiatric assessment they claimed to be hearing voices that were often unclear, but noticeably said the words “empty,” “hollow” and “thud.” No other psychiatric symptoms were claimed, and apart from giving false names and employment details, further biographical details were truthfully reported. If admitted, the pseudo-patients were asked to “act normally,” report that they felt fine and no longer heard  behaved completely normally. 7 of them were diagnosed with schizophrenia, 1 with bipolar disorder. They were all given powerful drugs. They haven’t been allowed to leave the hospital. This was disaster for psychiatric society what lead to rational and quantified questioners to avoid subjective judgment. They set up a list of measurable characteristic (symptoms) on which people answered yes or no, either they have those characteristic or not. Questionnaires have been distributed to ordinary people. Evaluating the results they found that 50% of people have some types of mental disorders. Normal sadness for example became depression.

    Psychiatrist started with screening process due to latent mental illness. They’ve spread a check list among people, so people used new definitions of disorders to compare their behaviour with “normal behaviour”. No elite needed to monitor people anymore, people started to monitor themselves by list of “normality”. And if not “normal”, pharmaceutical companies were more than willing to offer them magical Prozac. To be “normal” and constantly happy. And easier manageable.

    Its amazing what kind of results some big ideas of liberalization  produced (Sartre, Fanon– liberalisation of itself through violence; Che Guara, Arafat…, suport of dictators to liberalize communistic countries, trainings of contra-revolutionaries, fake evidences, …)

    So who we are behind what they told us scientists, politicians, religions, behind all this overwhelming social construction?…How is to feel normally behind “normally as they told and suggested us … Is freedom to heavy burden for current level of human existence or is freedom just part of broader cycle  and context and not the universal state itself?

    1st part of documentary: F* you buddy

    2nd part:  “The Lonely Robot”

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-1087742888040457650&q=the+trap+2&ei=0IorSPDKLo-ciALWpbTjCQ

    3rd part: We Will Force U 2 to Be Free

    http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7581348588228662817&q=the+trap+3&ei=7YwrSPShKojgiQKnk5niCQ

    and Kraftwerk video: The Robots

    We’re charging our battery
    And now we’re full of energy
    We are the robots

    We’re functioning automatik
    And we are dancing mechanik
    We are the robots

    Ja tvoi sluga (=I’m your slave)
    Ja tvoi Rabotnik robotnik (=I’m your worker)

    We are programmed just to do
    anything you want us to
    we are the robots

    We’re functioning automatic
    and we are dancing mechanic
    we are the robots

    Ja tvoi sluga (=I’m your slave)
    Ja tvoi Rabotnik robotnik (=I’m your worker)

    May 15, 2008 Posted by | conspiracy, Documentary, Movies, Music, neuroscience, Politics, Science | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

    Sins of the century: How J.P. Morgan J.D.Rockefeller and H.Ford blocked Nikola Tesla’s ideas for better world

    “Let the future tell the truth, and evaluate each one according to his work and accomplishments. The present is theirs; the future, for which I have really worked, is mine.” (N. Tesla)

    Current world’s crises is mostly spinning around following issues: high oil prices, food shortage, environmental issues, earthquakes on financial markets, huge difference between developed and underdeveloped countries…They are very much connected but where are the roots? Would it be possible to have different world as we have it now? 

    It’s hypothetical, but less greed at the beginning of 20th century would tremendously change the part of our civilisation. All needed tools were there but in the name of personal power and prestige they were cut for world citizens. The sins and the sinners, how ironically, are the same as 100 years ago.

    It was Nikola Tesla, who invented alternating curent electric power and electrified the world. But he invented so much more. He was one of greatest scientist of our millennium. My father gave me his biography at my early age. It was him why i studied electronics in high school. Briliance of his mind, ideas beyond our time, mysticism, x-rays, photographing thoughts, resonanting planeth Earth, vedic philosophy, friendship with Mark Twain…

    He was from ex-Yugoslavia, where i lived so I knew him as national hero, but he was much less known worldwide. I’ve read about him a lot, watched movies, but every time he inspires me the same and i am amazed with his vision and work. I recommend every one to dive into his tremendous work and ideas. For me he is The most enigmatic and the most brilliant mind of past century.

    I’ve read lately another book of him;  Tesla: Man out of time  by Margareth Cheney. Very good portrait of Tesla as scientist and person but more than that. It’s overview of industrial revolution, centres of power and newborn elite. Its a pity to read how such a great mind depended so much of funds of J.P. Morgan and elite which still rule the world. And how the same elite blocked inventions which would dramatically change the world and eliminate factors which dictate current world’s crises.

    The sins:

    With free wireless electricity  (employing Eart’s own resonance) divide between developed and underdeveloped countries would be much smaller;  but which banker would invest money to give electricity to people for free – Morgan withdrew his investment

  • When the great truth accidentally revealed and experimentally confirmed is fully recognized, that this planet, with all its appalling immensity, is to electric currents virtually no more than a small metal ball and that by this fact many possibilities, each baffling imagination and of incalculable consequence, are rendered absolutely sure of accomplishment; when the first plant is inaugurated and it is shown that a telegraphic message, almost as secret and non-interferable as a thought, can be transmitted to any terrestrial distance, the sound of the human voice, with all its intonations and inflections, faithfully and instantly reproduced at any other point of the globe, the energy of a waterfall made available for supplying light, heat or motive power, anywhere — on sea, or land, or high in the air — humanity will be like an ant heap stirred up with a stick: See the excitement coming!
    • “The Transmission of Electric Energy Without Wires” in Electrical World and Engineer (5 March 1904)
  • No oil crises due to environmentally clean electric car–> no environmental issues, no wars in the    name of oil, no need for bio-fuel so smaller food shortage

    With the discovery of electricity, everybody expected that all cars would be electric and run on rechargeable batteries. Tesla had gone one better and actually produced a working automobile that ran on electricity taken from the surrounding ether like an antenna picks up radio waves. This would revolutionize travel just like his AC induction motor had revolutionized the industrial world.

    Maybe new  Tesla roadster will bring some change in opinion, powered by mobile phone batteries …

    The sinners:

    Morgan, Rockefeller and Ford had to sabotage his idea at all costs….No air polluting gasoline engine meant no oil monopoly for Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Co. No oil monopoly meant no excuse for Rockefeller to own the U.S. government, and no excuse to be involved in foreign countries . . .

    Bulbous nosed baboon J.P. Morgan (1837-1913), was the chief enemy of Tesla’s AC system; his wireless transmission system and his electric car.

    J. D. Rockefeller (1838-1937) was the founder of the Standard Oil Co. His killing of the electric car allowed Standard Oil to amass a vast fortune which is still pouring into Rockefeller controlled companies to this very day.

    Henry Ford (1863-1947) is credited with mass producing the noisy air polluting gasoline engine. By 1932, Ford controlled over 1/3 of gasoline engine production worldwide. He was very familiar with electricity because he worked for George Westinghouse and Thomas Edison. Hitler admired Ford so much that he kept Ford’s picture in his office. Many of the trucks used by the Nazis during WWII were built by the Ford German and French subsidiaries.

    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    ‘Nikola Tesla invented the 20th and 21st Century. A ‘discoverer of new principles,’ Tesla was the sole inventor of the alternating poly-phase current generators that light up every town in the world today. He was the original inventor of the radio, and placed his ideas in print and demonstrated them before the public 5 years before Marconi. By the turn of the century, he had discussed the feasibility of television; he created an atom smasher capable of evaporating rubies and diamonds; he built wireless neon lamps that gave off more light than today’s conventional bulbs provide; he built precursors to the electron microscope, the laser and X-ray photographs. He sent his shadowgraphs to the discoverer of X-rays in 1895 as soon a Roentgen published his famous pictures. Tesla also created Kirlian-like photographs 75 years before they became famous. All of this took place before 1900!’

    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    That’s verified in the Congressional Record for 1917, which reported that “…the J.P. Morgan [banking] interests…. and their subsidiary organizations got together 12 men high up in the newspaper world and employed them to select the most influential newspapers in the United States and sufficient number of them to control generally the policy of the daily press of the US…. They found it was only necessary to purchase the control of 25 of the greatest papers. …an editor was furnished for each paper to properly supervise and edit information….”[9]

    Woodrow Wilson was elected President in 1913, beating incumbent William Howard Taft, who had vowed to veto legislation establishing a central bank. To divide the Republican vote and elect the relatively unknown Wilson, J.P. Morgan and Co. poured money into the candidacy of Teddy Roosevelt and his Progressive Party.

    The Council on Foreign Relations was incorporated as the American branch in New York on July 29, 1921. Founding members included Colonel House, and “…such potentates of international banking as J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, Paul Warburg, Otto Kahn, and Jacob Schiff…the same clique which had engineered the establishment of the Federal Reserve System,” according to Gary Allen in the October 1972 issue of “AMERICAN OPINION.”

    The founding president of the CFR was John W. Davis, J.P. Morgan’s personal attorney, while the vice-president was Paul Cravath, also representing the Morgan interests. Professor Carroll Quigley characterized the CFRas “…a front group for J.P. Morgan and Company in association with the very small American Round Table Group.” Over time Morgan influence was lost to the Rockefellers, who found that one world government fit their philosophy of business well. As John D. Rockefeller, Sr. had said: “Competition is a sin,” and global monopoly fit their needs as they grew internationally.

     

    May 14, 2008 Posted by | books, conspiracy, Daily bites, Documentary, Politics, Science | , , , , , , , , , , | 8 Comments

    “How the brain detects the emotions of others ” (N. Scientist)

    Was another one…great sailing weekend. 10 instead of 25 knots as last time…but still great experience…(less adrenalin,…gonna talk about it next time). So effortless pleasure. We won a medal…but really not important…Its not a medal you get, its a team spirit you had, have, will have… Kind of joint effort and joint pleasure…hard to explain… IT IS A FEELING U CAN NOT GAIN ALONE. Although i like solitude, i like team work equally…it gives me pleasure…different one..but important one.

    Caught an article today from New Scientist about Mirror Neurons (and i was talking about last time, just came back from sailing… Maybe there is some synchronicity but i don’t know…”who knows”…, my favorite friend’s saying). Just another prove how mirror neurons play important role in our life. I am waiting further proves cos i am believer that they are one of basic ingredients of our socialising and interdependence among all human beings. Even if  you see other people’ straggle only on TV…it moves something within you…

    How the brain detects the emotions of others

    People who are good at interpreting facial expressions have “mirror neuron” systems that are more active, say researchers. The finding adds weight to the idea that these cells are crucial to helping us figure out how others are feeling.

    Mirror neurons are brain cells that fire both when you do something and when you watch someone else do the same thing.

    Because they allow us to mimic what others are doing, it is thought that these neurons may be responsible for why we can feel empathy, or understand others’ intentions and states of mind. People with autism, for instance, show reduced mirror neuron activity during social cognition tasks.

    Now Peter Enticott at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, and his colleagues have found evidence supporting this theory. They asked 20 healthy adults to look at pairs of images. In one task, they had to decide if paired images of faces were the same person. In another, they had to decide if both faces were showing the same emotion.

    In a separate task, volunteers watched video clips of thumb movement, a hand grasping a pen and a hand while writing, while the activity in the primary motor cortex of the brain, which contains mirror neurons, was recorded.

    Emotional link

    Now the team had a measure of the “motor potential” in the thumb muscles – for example, how much the thumb was primed to move just by watching another thumb moving. This measure is a proxy for mirror neuron activity, say the researchers.

    Enticott’s team found that the volunteers who were better at judging people’s emotions had higher mirror neuron activity in the thumb task. There was no correlation, however, between the ability to recognise faces and mirror neuron activity. This suggests that mirror neurons are involved in understanding emotions as well as in the mimicry of actions.

    “[The study] connects the two different functions – the motor aspect with the emotional processing aspect,” says Lindsay Oberman, at Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, US. “They show that mirror neurons for motor activity are related to mirror neurons for emotions,” she adds.

    Journal reference: Neuropsychologia(DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.04.022)

    ====================

    And fresh from great sailing weekend, i just can not avoid nice comparison of sailing and yoga (i’ve been practicing it for some while). In both you need a time to realise that  you gain the most when you align with the breath, the wind, flow of life…big effort,  but suddenly you realise that you gain the most effortless.

    Like sailing, moving through life demands a synchronization with natural forces that requires skill and intuition, the ability to set a course yet change with the wind and currents. If you want to sail, you have to know how to assess the conditions of the weather—blustery, calm, choppy—which constantly fluctuate, as do our physical, emotional, and spiritual states.
    This intuitive feeling of being “off” is an inborn signal that helps us learn how to sustain an action by harmonizing with the flow of nature. Just as a sagging sail tells a sailor to tack and realign with the energy of the wind, a drop in our mental or physical energy within an action is a sign we need to realign our course. In an asana, when the muscular effort of a pose is creating tension, it’s often a signal that we are not relying on the support of our breath. When we learn how to sustain the power and momentum of the breath, the result is like the feeling of sailing in the wind—effortless effort.

    And what can i say more than: Push the limits (Enigma)

    Basic instincts, social life
    Paradoxes side by side
    Don’t submit to stupid rules
    Be yourself and not a fool
    Don’t accept average habits
    Open your heart and push the limits
    Open your heart
    And push the limits

     

    May 13, 2008 Posted by | Daily bites, Music, neuroscience, Science | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

    21 grams, Babel

    Watched Babel. And 21 grams few days ago. Portrait of people who are not Happiness machines, for sure. Personally prefer 21 grams much more. It’s much more emotionally intense. Non-linear, fragmented stories act as strange attractor for mind. Great play of Sean Penn, Benicio Del Toro and Naomi Watts . Babel has some very good dramatic moments too.  Alejandro González Iñárritu is undoubtedly master of portraying personal dramas. And Brad Pitt , Cate Blanchett  and Adriana Barraza play well.

    Although movies have different stories, but share same underlying principle. Like in legend of Babel. God strikes one day, unpredictably, and makes chaos in existing order. Life become fragmented, structure of language as symbol for order, broken. How vulnerable is human being when known landscape disappears, how hard it is to re-build new order from broken pieces. Innocence and illusions are gone. Life opens itself as fresh, open wound…and shows its most primal and brutal face. Things are just happening, without any of our control on it. Spiralling down. Lost within world, lost within self.

    While finally re-collecting pieces back, is becoming evident that things are invisible connected, part of same structure and influence each other. Like Butterfly effect in Chaos theory, like quantum entanglement.

    “21 Grams” (2003) (Salon’s review)

    Nov 21, 2003 | I haven’t quite made up my mind about “21 Grams.” It has definitely stuck with me, like one of those troubling dreams that the first cup of coffee can’t clear from your head. It’s a brave and admirable film, but not an entirely successful one. Alejandro González Iñárritu’s first feature, the amazing “Amores Perros,” was an unrelenting blast of rock en español color and energy, a blood-drenched joyride through the streets of Mexico City that also possessed a startling, and heartbreaking, philosophical depth. In this new movie, González Iñárritu comes north of the border, and the results feel a lot dingier and a fair bit more pedantic.

    Paul Rivers movie quote (Sean Penn): “How many lives do we live? How many times do we die? They say we all lose 21 grams… at the exact moment of our death. Everyone. And how much fits into 21 grams? How much is lost? When do we lose 21 grams? How much goes with them? How much is gained? How much is gained? Twenty-one grams. The weight of a stack of five nickels. The weight of a hummingbird. A chocolate bar. How much did 21 grams weigh?”

    Babel (2007) (BBC’s review)

    According to the Christian legend that inspired Babel, language is the barrier that keeps the world’s masses from ascendancy. Handily the world also provides director Alejandro González Iñárritu with an epic stage to exercise his talent for multi-strand storytelling. Occasionally though it feels a little too scattered, so it doesn’t pack as big of a punch as his last film 21 Grams. Still, this is an uncommonly raw and startling portrait of humanity with glittering performances all round.

    Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett have one of the more gripping storylines as a US couple stranded in the Moroccan desert. A stray bullet leaves Susan teetering between life and death but it also exposes a festering wound in her marriage to Richard. The situation breeds a palpable urgency with Iñárritu’s camera marking a quick passage of time as it bobs and weaves between them. Equally compelling are newcomers Boubker Ait El Caid and Said Tarchani as rival siblings playing with their father’s gun when the accident happens.

    http://www.webdelsol.com/SolPix/sp-reviews60.htm

    Bibo No Aozora”
    Writtern, Composed and Performed by Ryuichi Sakamoto

    May 9, 2008 Posted by | Daily bites, Movies, Music | , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

    Happiness Machines

    Picaso, La joie de vivre(1946)

    Reading Clive Hamilton’s book “Growth Fetish”. The thesis of the book is that the policies of unfettered capitalism pursued by the west for the last 50 years has largely failed, since the underlying purpose of the creation of wealth is happiness, and Hamilton contends that people in general are no happier now than 50 years ago, despite the huge increase in personal wealth. In fact, he suggests that the reverse is true. He states that the pursuit of growth has become a fetish, in that it is seen as a universal magic cure for all of society’s ills. His view on consumerism can be sumed up into:

    “People buy things they don’t want, with money they don’t have, to impress people they don’t like”

    So what is this magical word or state of mind called Happines?  What Freud said about and what is his contribution to establish “Happiness machines”  (see excelent BBC video below: The Century of Self: Happiness machines)

    “Where wisdom (to phronein) is, there happiness (eudaimonías) will crown.” (Antigona).

    For Lacan, Aristotelian “happiness” and the modern “bourgeois dream” share a common failing. Both deny the tragic dimension of existence—and the tragic heroism required to live boldly and authentically or, like Antigone, with “splendor.” In Seminar VII: The Ethics of Psychoanalysis, Lacan connects “happiness”  as such with the hap encounter that is tuché: “Certainly Freud leaves no doubt, any more than Aristotle, that what man is seeking, his goal, is happiness. It’s odd that in almost all languages happiness offers itself in terms of a meeting–tuché. Except in English and even there it’s very close. . . . ‘Happiness’ is after all ‘happen’; it is an encounter. . . . “

    The individual pursuit of so-called happiness has been an enormous pre-occupation of modern times and for many, the lack of it is their source of suffering. Freud understood that happiness was a problem for the human subject. The pleasure principle runs against our need to live within culture and all its regulations. For Freud, happiness, in the strictest sense of he word, was only experienced in short-lived brief moments of satisfaction when needs were satisfied. It was therefore only ever episodic. In fact Freud knew that prolonged satisfaction of the pleasure principle only produce mild contentment and therefore the human subject only ever experienced happiness from the emergence of a contrast. Happiness was not to be regarded as an overall state, mood or situation. Once we become used to it, it seems to disappear.

    According to Freud, happiness is the exception to the rule, the rule being that unhappiness and suffering comes at us, uncontrollably, from several sources, from the body, and the external world. …”So the project of becoming happy, strictly speaking, is an impossible one, but rather than advocating that the endeavour be abandoned, Freud understood the importance, indeed the inevitable need of the human subject to keep insisting in the struggle and to maintain our striving towards happiness. There is no one pathway to happiness, each must find their own way and decide whether the aim is gaining pleasure or avoiding unpleasure. Happiness as far as it can be recognised as possible is therefore “a problem of the economics of the ndividual libido”. …

    Happiness might therefore be considered as a by-product and not a realistic aim in and of itself, as Freud has already explained. We are restricted to small doses of happiness and destined to wait, in anticipation, for the next brief instalment.”

    So lets see how well was used Freud idea (by  his nephew Edward Louis Bernays) to put people in extatic state of constant pursuit of happiness.

    Opening paragraph of the American Declaration of Independence:

    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

      

    What brand are you? – reconnoitering happiness

    Psychological research of happiness:  Genes ‘play key happiness role’

    Our level of happiness throughout life is strongly influenced by the genes with which we were born, say experts. An Edinburgh University study of identical and non-identical twins suggests genes may control half the personality traits keeping us happy.

    The truth about happiness may surprise you

    May 7, 2008 Posted by | conspiracy, Daily bites, Documentary, Politics, psychology, Science | , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

    “Guest House” (Rumi)

    Guest House” (Rumi)

    This being human is a guest house
    Every morning a new arrival.
    A joy, a depression, a meanness,
    some momentary awareness comes
    as an unexpected visitor.

     Welcome and entertain them all!
    Even if they are a crowd of sorrows,
    who violently sweep your house
    empty of its furniture,
    still treat each guest honorably.

    He may be clearing you out for some new delight.
    The dark thought, the shame, the malice,
    meet them at the door laughing,
    and invite them in.

    Be grateful for whoever comes,
    because each has been sent
    as a guide from beyond.

    ========================================

    like this song so much… Pulp (I spy)

    underrated band with great music&lyrics

    May 1, 2008 Posted by | Music, Poems | , , , | Leave a comment